Improper Restriction of Operations within the Bounds of a Memory Buffer
chan_sip.c in the SIP channel driver in Asterisk Open Source 1.8.x before 22.214.171.124 and 10.x before 10.3.1 and Asterisk Business Edition C.3.x before C.3.7.4, when the trustrpid option is enabled, allows remote authenticated users to cause a denial of service (daemon crash) by sending a SIP UPDATE message that triggers a connected-line update attempt without an associated channel.
CWE-119 - Buffer Overflow
Buffer overflow attacks involve data transit and operations exceeding the restricted memory buffer, thereby corrupting or overwriting data in adjacent memory locations. Such overflow allows the attacker to run arbitrary code or manipulate the existing code to cause privilege escalation, data breach, denial of service, system crash and even complete system compromise. Given that languages such as C and C++ lack default safeguards against overwriting or accessing data in their memory, applications utilizing these languages are most susceptible to buffer overflows attacks.