Improper Restriction of Operations within the Bounds of a Memory Buffer
Stack-based buffer overflow in the milliwatt_generate function in the Miliwatt application in Asterisk 1.4.x before 1.4.44, 1.6.x before 188.8.131.52, 1.8.x before 184.108.40.206, and 10.x before 10.2.1, when the o option is used and the internal_timing option is off, allows remote attackers to cause a denial of service (application crash) via a large number of samples in an audio packet.
CWE-119 - Buffer Overflow
Buffer overflow attacks involve data transit and operations exceeding the restricted memory buffer, thereby corrupting or overwriting data in adjacent memory locations. Such overflow allows the attacker to run arbitrary code or manipulate the existing code to cause privilege escalation, data breach, denial of service, system crash and even complete system compromise. Given that languages such as C and C++ lack default safeguards against overwriting or accessing data in their memory, applications utilizing these languages are most susceptible to buffer overflows attacks.