Improper Limitation of a Pathname to a Restricted Directory ('Path Traversal')
Multiple directory traversal vulnerabilities in OpenEMR 4.1.0 allow remote authenticated users to read arbitrary files via a .. (dot dot) in the formname parameter to (1) contrib/acog/print_form.php; or (2) load_form.php, (3) view_form.php, or (4) trend_form.php in interface/patient_file/encounter.
CWE-22 - Path Traversal
Path traversal (or directory traversal), is a vulnerability that allows malicious users to traverse the server's root directory, gaining access to arbitrary files and folders such as application code & data, back-end credentials, and sensitive operating system files. In the worst-case scenario, an attacker could potentially execute arbitrary files on the server, resulting in a denial of service attack. Such an exploit may severely impact the integrity, confidentiality, and availability of an application.