Improper Restriction of Operations within the Bounds of a Memory Buffer
The ff_h264_decode_seq_parameter_set function in h264_ps.c in libavcodec in FFmpeg before 0.9.1 and in Libav 0.5.x before 0.5.9, 0.6.x before 0.6.6, 0.7.x before 0.7.6, and 0.8.x before 0.8.3 allows remote attackers to cause a denial of service (application crash) and possibly execute arbitrary code via a crafted H.264 file, related to the chroma_format_idc value.
CWE-119 - Buffer Overflow
Buffer overflow attacks involve data transit and operations exceeding the restricted memory buffer, thereby corrupting or overwriting data in adjacent memory locations. Such overflow allows the attacker to run arbitrary code or manipulate the existing code to cause privilege escalation, data breach, denial of service, system crash and even complete system compromise. Given that languages such as C and C++ lack default safeguards against overwriting or accessing data in their memory, applications utilizing these languages are most susceptible to buffer overflows attacks.