Cross-Site Request Forgery (CSRF)
mappy.py in Splunk Web in Splunk 4.2.x before 4.2.5 does not properly restrict use of the mappy command to access Python classes, which allows remote authenticated administrators to execute arbitrary code by leveraging the sys module in a request to the search application, as demonstrated by a cross-site request forgery (CSRF) attack, aka SPL-45172.
CWE-352 - Cross-Site Request Forgery (CSRF)
Cross-Site Request Forgery (CSRF) is a vulnerability that allows an attacker to make arbitrary requests in an authenticated vulnerable web application and disrupt the integrity of the victim’s session. The impact of a successful CSRF attack may range from minor to severe, depending upon the capabilities exposed by the vulnerable application and privileges of the user. An attacker may force the user to perform state-changing requests like transferring funds, changing their email address or password etc. However, if an administrative level account is affected, it may compromise the whole web application and associated sensitive data.