Improper Control of Generation of Code ('Code Injection')
The is_a function in PHP 5.3.7 and 5.3.8 triggers a call to the __autoload function, which makes it easier for remote attackers to execute arbitrary code by providing a crafted URL and leveraging potentially unsafe behavior in certain PEAR packages and custom autoloaders.
CWE-94 - Code Injection
Code injection is a type of vulnerability that allows an attacker to execute arbitrary code. This vulnerability fully compromises the machine and can cause a wide variety of security issues, such as unauthorized access to sensitive information, manipulation of data, denial of service attacks etc. Code injection is different from command injection in the fact that it is limited by the functionality of the injected language (e.g. PHP), as opposed to command injection, which leverages existing code to execute commands, usually within the context of a shell.