Improper Restriction of Operations within the Bounds of a Memory Buffer
Multiple buffer overflows in OpenTTD before 1.1.3 allow local users to cause a denial of service (daemon crash) or possibly gain privileges via (1) a crafted BMP file with RLE compression or (2) crafted dimensions in a BMP file.
CWE-119 - Buffer Overflow
Buffer overflow attacks involve data transit and operations exceeding the restricted memory buffer, thereby corrupting or overwriting data in adjacent memory locations. Such overflow allows the attacker to run arbitrary code or manipulate the existing code to cause privilege escalation, data breach, denial of service, system crash and even complete system compromise. Given that languages such as C and C++ lack default safeguards against overwriting or accessing data in their memory, applications utilizing these languages are most susceptible to buffer overflows attacks.