Improper Restriction of Operations within the Bounds of a Memory Buffer
Certain ActiveX controls in (1) tsgetxu71ex552.dll and (2) tsgetx71ex552.dll in Tom Sawyer GET Extension Factory 18.104.22.168, as used in VI Client (aka VMware Infrastructure Client) 2.0.2 before Build 230598 and 2.5 before Build 204931 in VMware Infrastructure 3, do not properly handle attempted initialization within Internet Explorer, which allows remote attackers to execute arbitrary code or cause a denial of service (memory corruption) via a crafted HTML document.
CWE-119 - Buffer Overflow
Buffer overflow attacks involve data transit and operations exceeding the restricted memory buffer, thereby corrupting or overwriting data in adjacent memory locations. Such overflow allows the attacker to run arbitrary code or manipulate the existing code to cause privilege escalation, data breach, denial of service, system crash and even complete system compromise. Given that languages such as C and C++ lack default safeguards against overwriting or accessing data in their memory, applications utilizing these languages are most susceptible to buffer overflows attacks.