Improper Restriction of Operations within the Bounds of a Memory Buffer
Multiple stack-based buffer overflows in GE Intelligent Platforms Proficy Applications before 4.4.1 SIM 101 and 5.x before 5.0 SIM 43 allow remote attackers to cause a denial of service (daemon crash) or possibly execute arbitrary code via crafted TCP message traffic to (1) PRProficyMgr.exe in Proficy Server Manager, (2) PRGateway.exe in Proficy Server Gateway, (3) PRRDS.exe in Proficy Remote Data Service, or (4) PRLicenseMgr.exe in Proficy Server License Manager.
CWE-119 - Buffer Overflow
Buffer overflow attacks involve data transit and operations exceeding the restricted memory buffer, thereby corrupting or overwriting data in adjacent memory locations. Such overflow allows the attacker to run arbitrary code or manipulate the existing code to cause privilege escalation, data breach, denial of service, system crash and even complete system compromise. Given that languages such as C and C++ lack default safeguards against overwriting or accessing data in their memory, applications utilizing these languages are most susceptible to buffer overflows attacks.