Improper Restriction of Operations within the Bounds of a Memory Buffer
The Distributed File System (DFS) implementation in Microsoft Windows XP SP2 and SP3 and Server 2003 SP2 does not properly validate fields in DFS responses, which allows remote DFS servers to execute arbitrary code via a crafted response, aka "DFS Memory Corruption Vulnerability."
CWE-119 - Buffer Overflow
Buffer overflow attacks involve data transit and operations exceeding the restricted memory buffer, thereby corrupting or overwriting data in adjacent memory locations. Such overflow allows the attacker to run arbitrary code or manipulate the existing code to cause privilege escalation, data breach, denial of service, system crash and even complete system compromise. Given that languages such as C and C++ lack default safeguards against overwriting or accessing data in their memory, applications utilizing these languages are most susceptible to buffer overflows attacks.