Improper Restriction of Operations within the Bounds of a Memory Buffer
Multiple stack-based buffer overflows in IGSSdataServer.exe 9.00.00.11063 and earlier in 7-Technologies Interactive Graphical SCADA System (IGSS) allow remote attackers to cause a denial of service (crash) and possibly execute arbitrary code via crafted (1) ListAll, (2) Write File, (3) ReadFile, (4) Delete, (5) RenameFile, and (6) FileInfo commands in an 0xd opcode; (7) the Add, (8) ReadFile, (9) Write File, (10) Rename, (11) Delete, and (12) Add commands in an RMS report templates (0x7) opcode; and (13) 0x4 command in an STDREP request (0x8) opcode to TCP port 12401.
CWE-119 - Buffer Overflow
Buffer overflow attacks involve data transit and operations exceeding the restricted memory buffer, thereby corrupting or overwriting data in adjacent memory locations. Such overflow allows the attacker to run arbitrary code or manipulate the existing code to cause privilege escalation, data breach, denial of service, system crash and even complete system compromise. Given that languages such as C and C++ lack default safeguards against overwriting or accessing data in their memory, applications utilizing these languages are most susceptible to buffer overflows attacks.