Improper Restriction of Operations within the Bounds of a Memory Buffer
Multiple buffer overflows in unspecified COM objects in Rational Common Licensing 7.0 through 22.214.171.124 in IBM Rational ClearCase 126.96.36.199 through 188.8.131.52, ClearQuest 184.108.40.206 through 220.127.116.11, and other products allow local users to gain privileges via a Trojan horse HTML document in the My Computer zone.
CWE-119 - Buffer Overflow
Buffer overflow attacks involve data transit and operations exceeding the restricted memory buffer, thereby corrupting or overwriting data in adjacent memory locations. Such overflow allows the attacker to run arbitrary code or manipulate the existing code to cause privilege escalation, data breach, denial of service, system crash and even complete system compromise. Given that languages such as C and C++ lack default safeguards against overwriting or accessing data in their memory, applications utilizing these languages are most susceptible to buffer overflows attacks.