Improper Link Resolution Before File Access ('Link Following')
The installer in PEAR 1.9.2 and earlier allows local users to overwrite arbitrary files via a symlink attack on the package.xml file, related to the (1) download_dir, (2) cache_dir, (3) tmp_dir, and (4) pear-build-download directories. NOTE: this vulnerability exists because of an incomplete fix for CVE-2011-1072.
CWE-59 - Improper Link Resolution Before File Access
'Improper link resolution before file access' occurs when software accesses a file resource but fails to verify that the file isn't a link or shortcut to another file. An attacker can potentially gain access to arbitrary files and from there the impact can vary, depending on the application, from sensitive data exposure to remote code execution.