Improper Control of Generation of Code ('Code Injection')
Microsoft Office Word 2002 SP3, 2003 SP3, and 2007 SP2; Microsoft Office 2004 and 2008 for Mac; Open XML File Format Converter for Mac; Office Word Viewer; Office Compatibility Pack for Word, Excel, and PowerPoint 2007 File Formats SP2; and Works 9 do not properly handle malformed records in a Word file, which allows remote attackers to execute arbitrary code or cause a denial of service (memory corruption) via a crafted file, aka "Word Record Parsing Vulnerability."
CWE-94 - Code Injection
Code injection is a type of vulnerability that allows an attacker to execute arbitrary code. This vulnerability fully compromises the machine and can cause a wide variety of security issues, such as unauthorized access to sensitive information, manipulation of data, denial of service attacks etc. Code injection is different from command injection in the fact that it is limited by the functionality of the injected language (e.g. PHP), as opposed to command injection, which leverages existing code to execute commands, usually within the context of a shell.