Improper Limitation of a Pathname to a Restricted Directory ('Path Traversal')
Multiple directory traversal vulnerabilities in the (a) Local Storage and (b) Web SQL database implementations in WebKit in Apple Safari before 5.0 on Mac OS X 10.5 through 10.6 and Windows, and before 4.1 on Mac OS X 10.4, allow remote attackers to create arbitrary database files via vectors involving a (1) %2f and .. (dot dot) or (2) %5c and .. (dot dot) in a URL.
CWE-22 - Path Traversal
Path traversal (or directory traversal), is a vulnerability that allows malicious users to traverse the server's root directory, gaining access to arbitrary files and folders such as application code & data, back-end credentials, and sensitive operating system files. In the worst-case scenario, an attacker could potentially execute arbitrary files on the server, resulting in a denial of service attack. Such an exploit may severely impact the integrity, confidentiality, and availability of an application.