Improper Control of Generation of Code ('Code Injection')
The Microsoft Data Analyzer ActiveX control (aka the Office Excel ActiveX control for Data Analysis) in max3activex.dll in Microsoft Windows 2000 SP4, Windows XP SP2 and SP3, Windows Server 2003 SP2, Windows Vista Gold, SP1, and SP2, Windows Server 2008 Gold, SP2, and R2, and Windows 7 allows remote attackers to execute arbitrary code via a crafted web page that corrupts the "system state," aka "Microsoft Data Analyzer ActiveX Control Vulnerability."
CWE-94 - Code Injection
Code injection is a type of vulnerability that allows an attacker to execute arbitrary code. This vulnerability fully compromises the machine and can cause a wide variety of security issues, such as unauthorized access to sensitive information, manipulation of data, denial of service attacks etc. Code injection is different from command injection in the fact that it is limited by the functionality of the injected language (e.g. PHP), as opposed to command injection, which leverages existing code to execute commands, usually within the context of a shell.