Improper Control of Generation of Code ('Code Injection')
The TCP/IP implementation in Microsoft Windows Vista Gold, SP1, and SP2 and Server 2008 Gold and SP2, when a custom network driver is used, does not properly handle local fragmentation of Encapsulating Security Payload (ESP) over UDP packets, which allows remote attackers to execute arbitrary code via crafted packets, aka "Header MDL Fragmentation Vulnerability."
CWE-94 - Code Injection
Code injection is a type of vulnerability that allows an attacker to execute arbitrary code. This vulnerability fully compromises the machine and can cause a wide variety of security issues, such as unauthorized access to sensitive information, manipulation of data, denial of service attacks etc. Code injection is different from command injection in the fact that it is limited by the functionality of the injected language (e.g. PHP), as opposed to command injection, which leverages existing code to execute commands, usually within the context of a shell.