Improper Restriction of Operations within the Bounds of a Memory Buffer
Heap-based buffer overflow in datatype/smil/common/smlpkt.cpp in smlrender.dll in RealNetworks RealPlayer 10, RealPlayer 10.5 18.104.22.1680 through 22.214.171.1241, RealPlayer 11 11.0.0 through 11.0.4, RealPlayer Enterprise, Mac RealPlayer 10 and 10.1, Linux RealPlayer 10 and 11.0.0, and Helix Player 10.x and 11.0.0 allows remote attackers to execute arbitrary code via an SMIL file with crafted string lengths.
CWE-119 - Buffer Overflow
Buffer overflow attacks involve data transit and operations exceeding the restricted memory buffer, thereby corrupting or overwriting data in adjacent memory locations. Such overflow allows the attacker to run arbitrary code or manipulate the existing code to cause privilege escalation, data breach, denial of service, system crash and even complete system compromise. Given that languages such as C and C++ lack default safeguards against overwriting or accessing data in their memory, applications utilizing these languages are most susceptible to buffer overflows attacks.