Permissions, Privileges, and Access Controls
** DISPUTED ** The NtUserConsoleControl function in win32k.sys in Microsoft Windows XP SP2 and SP3, and Server 2003 before SP1, allows local administrators to bypass unspecified "security software" and gain privileges via a crafted call that triggers an overwrite of an arbitrary memory location. NOTE: the vendor disputes the significance of this report, stating that 'the Administrator to SYSTEM "escalation" is not a security boundary we defend.'
CWE-264 - Permissions Privileges and Access Controls
CWE 264 (permissions, privileges, and access controls) is not a weakness in and of itself, rather it is a category of weaknesses related to the management of permissions, privileges, and other security features used to perform access control. If not addressed, the weaknesses in this category allow attackers to gain privileges for an unintended sphere of control, access sensitive information, and execute arbitrary commands.