Improper Restriction of Operations within the Bounds of a Memory Buffer
Buffer overflow in the Office Web Components ActiveX Control in Microsoft Office XP SP3, Office 2000 Web Components SP3, Office XP Web Components SP3, BizTalk Server 2002, and Visual Studio .NET 2003 SP1 allows remote attackers to execute arbitrary code via crafted property values, aka "Office Web Components Buffer Overflow Vulnerability."
CWE-119 - Buffer Overflow
Buffer overflow attacks involve data transit and operations exceeding the restricted memory buffer, thereby corrupting or overwriting data in adjacent memory locations. Such overflow allows the attacker to run arbitrary code or manipulate the existing code to cause privilege escalation, data breach, denial of service, system crash and even complete system compromise. Given that languages such as C and C++ lack default safeguards against overwriting or accessing data in their memory, applications utilizing these languages are most susceptible to buffer overflows attacks.