Improper Restriction of Operations within the Bounds of a Memory Buffer
Buffer overflow in the Works for Windows document converters in Microsoft Office 2000 SP3, Office XP SP3, Office 2003 SP3, Office 2007 SP1, and Works 8.5 and 9 allows remote attackers to execute arbitrary code via a crafted Works .wps file that triggers memory corruption, aka "File Converter Buffer Overflow Vulnerability."
CWE-119 - Buffer Overflow
Buffer overflow attacks involve data transit and operations exceeding the restricted memory buffer, thereby corrupting or overwriting data in adjacent memory locations. Such overflow allows the attacker to run arbitrary code or manipulate the existing code to cause privilege escalation, data breach, denial of service, system crash and even complete system compromise. Given that languages such as C and C++ lack default safeguards against overwriting or accessing data in their memory, applications utilizing these languages are most susceptible to buffer overflows attacks.