Improper Restriction of Operations within the Bounds of a Memory Buffer
Multiple heap-based buffer overflows in xvidcore/src/decoder.c in the xvidcore library in Xvid before 1.2.2, as used by Windows Media Player and other applications, allow remote attackers to execute arbitrary code by providing a crafted macroblock (aka MBlock) number in a video stream in a crafted movie file that triggers heap memory corruption, related to a "missing resync marker range check" and the (1) decoder_iframe, (2) decoder_pframe, and (3) decoder_bframe functions.
CWE-119 - Buffer Overflow
Buffer overflow attacks involve data transit and operations exceeding the restricted memory buffer, thereby corrupting or overwriting data in adjacent memory locations. Such overflow allows the attacker to run arbitrary code or manipulate the existing code to cause privilege escalation, data breach, denial of service, system crash and even complete system compromise. Given that languages such as C and C++ lack default safeguards against overwriting or accessing data in their memory, applications utilizing these languages are most susceptible to buffer overflows attacks.