Improper Restriction of Operations within the Bounds of a Memory Buffer
The apr_strmatch_precompile function in strmatch/apr_strmatch.c in Apache APR-util before 1.3.5 allows remote attackers to cause a denial of service (daemon crash) via crafted input involving (1) a .htaccess file used with the Apache HTTP Server, (2) the SVNMasterURI directive in the mod_dav_svn module in the Apache HTTP Server, (3) the mod_apreq2 module for the Apache HTTP Server, or (4) an application that uses the libapreq2 library, which triggers a heap-based buffer underflow.
CWE-119 - Buffer Overflow
Buffer overflow attacks involve data transit and operations exceeding the restricted memory buffer, thereby corrupting or overwriting data in adjacent memory locations. Such overflow allows the attacker to run arbitrary code or manipulate the existing code to cause privilege escalation, data breach, denial of service, system crash and even complete system compromise. Given that languages such as C and C++ lack default safeguards against overwriting or accessing data in their memory, applications utilizing these languages are most susceptible to buffer overflows attacks.