IBM Tivoli Provisioning Manager (TPM) before 188.8.131.52 IF0006, when its LDAP service is shared with other applications, does not require that an LDAP user be listed in the TPM user records, which allows remote authenticated users to execute SOAP commands that access arbitrary TPM functionality, as demonstrated by running provisioning workflows.
CWE-287 - Improper Authentication
Improper (or broken) authentication attacks are widespread, and have accounted for many of the worst data breaches in recent years. Improper authentication attacks are a class of vulnerabilities where an attacker impersonates a legitimate user by exploiting weaknesses in either session management or credential management to gain access to the user’s account. This can result in disclosure of sensitive information, and can lead to system compromise, theft, identity theft, and fraud.