Improper Restriction of Operations within the Bounds of a Memory Buffer
Stack-based buffer overflow in Microsoft Device IO Control in iphlpapi.dll in Microsoft Windows Vista Gold and SP1 allows local users in the Network Configuration Operator group to gain privileges or cause a denial of service (system crash) via a large invalid PrefixLength to the CreateIpForwardEntry2 method, as demonstrated by a "route add" command. NOTE: this issue might not cross privilege boundaries.
CWE-119 - Buffer Overflow
Buffer overflow attacks involve data transit and operations exceeding the restricted memory buffer, thereby corrupting or overwriting data in adjacent memory locations. Such overflow allows the attacker to run arbitrary code or manipulate the existing code to cause privilege escalation, data breach, denial of service, system crash and even complete system compromise. Given that languages such as C and C++ lack default safeguards against overwriting or accessing data in their memory, applications utilizing these languages are most susceptible to buffer overflows attacks.