Improper Restriction of Operations within the Bounds of a Memory Buffer
Stack-based buffer overflow in CGI programs in the server in Trend Micro OfficeScan 7.3 Patch 4 build 1367 and other builds before 1374, and 8.0 SP1 Patch 1 before build 3110, allows remote attackers to execute arbitrary code via an HTTP POST request containing crafted form data, related to "parsing CGI requests."
CWE-119 - Buffer Overflow
Buffer overflow attacks involve data transit and operations exceeding the restricted memory buffer, thereby corrupting or overwriting data in adjacent memory locations. Such overflow allows the attacker to run arbitrary code or manipulate the existing code to cause privilege escalation, data breach, denial of service, system crash and even complete system compromise. Given that languages such as C and C++ lack default safeguards against overwriting or accessing data in their memory, applications utilizing these languages are most susceptible to buffer overflows attacks.