Improper Restriction of Operations within the Bounds of a Memory Buffer
Microsoft DirectX 8.1 through 9.0c, and DirectX on Microsoft XP SP2 and SP3, Server 2003 SP1 and SP2, Vista Gold and SP1, and Server 2008, does not properly perform MJPEG error checking, which allows remote attackers to execute arbitrary code via a crafted MJPEG stream in a (1) AVI or (2) ASF file, aka the "MJPEG Decoder Vulnerability."
CWE-119 - Buffer Overflow
Buffer overflow attacks involve data transit and operations exceeding the restricted memory buffer, thereby corrupting or overwriting data in adjacent memory locations. Such overflow allows the attacker to run arbitrary code or manipulate the existing code to cause privilege escalation, data breach, denial of service, system crash and even complete system compromise. Given that languages such as C and C++ lack default safeguards against overwriting or accessing data in their memory, applications utilizing these languages are most susceptible to buffer overflows attacks.