Improper Restriction of Operations within the Bounds of a Memory Buffer
Stack-based buffer overflow in PccScan.dll before build 1451 in Trend Micro AntiVirus plus AntiSpyware 2008, Internet Security 2008, and Internet Security Pro 2008 allows user-assisted remote attackers to cause a denial of service (SfCtlCom.exe crash), and allows local users to gain privileges, via a malformed .zip archive with a long name, as demonstrated by a .zip file created via format string specifiers in a crafted .uue file.
CWE-119 - Buffer Overflow
Buffer overflow attacks involve data transit and operations exceeding the restricted memory buffer, thereby corrupting or overwriting data in adjacent memory locations. Such overflow allows the attacker to run arbitrary code or manipulate the existing code to cause privilege escalation, data breach, denial of service, system crash and even complete system compromise. Given that languages such as C and C++ lack default safeguards against overwriting or accessing data in their memory, applications utilizing these languages are most susceptible to buffer overflows attacks.