Improper Restriction of Operations within the Bounds of a Memory Buffer
Buffer overflow in MDSYS.SDO_CS in Oracle Database Server 8iR3, 9iR1, 9iR2 up to 18.104.22.168, and 10gR1 up to 10.1.0.4 allows remote authenticated users to cause a denial of service (crash) and execute arbitrary code via the TRANSFORM function. NOTE: this issue might already be covered by CVE-2007-5515, CVE-2007-5509, or CVE-2007-5505, but there are insufficient details to be sure.
CWE-119 - Buffer Overflow
Buffer overflow attacks involve data transit and operations exceeding the restricted memory buffer, thereby corrupting or overwriting data in adjacent memory locations. Such overflow allows the attacker to run arbitrary code or manipulate the existing code to cause privilege escalation, data breach, denial of service, system crash and even complete system compromise. Given that languages such as C and C++ lack default safeguards against overwriting or accessing data in their memory, applications utilizing these languages are most susceptible to buffer overflows attacks.