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Improper Restriction of Operations within the Bounds of a Memory Buffer


Severity High
Score 10/10


Multiple buffer overflows in eXtremail 2.1.1 and earlier allow remote attackers to (1) have an unknown impact by sending multiple long strings to the IMAP port (143/tcp); (2) execute arbitrary code via a long string in an IMAP AUTHENTICATE PLAIN action, involving the ifParseAuthPlain function; (3) execute arbitrary code via a long LOGIN command to the admin interface port (4501/tcp); or (4) execute arbitrary code via a long string in an IMAP AUTHENTICATE LOGIN (aka CRAM-MD5 authentication) action, involving the ifProcImapAuth1 function.

  • LOW
  • NONE

CWE-119 - Buffer Overflow

Buffer overflow attacks involve data transit and operations exceeding the restricted memory buffer, thereby corrupting or overwriting data in adjacent memory locations. Such overflow allows the attacker to run arbitrary code or manipulate the existing code to cause privilege escalation, data breach, denial of service, system crash and even complete system compromise. Given that languages such as C and C++ lack default safeguards against overwriting or accessing data in their memory, applications utilizing these languages are most susceptible to buffer overflows attacks.


Advisory Timeline

  • Published