Improper Restriction of Operations within the Bounds of a Memory Buffer
Multiple buffer overflows in system DLL files in Microsoft Windows XP, as used by Microsoft Windows Explorer (explorer.exe) 6.00.2900.2180, Don Ho Notepad++, unspecified Adobe Macromedia applications, and other programs, allow user-assisted remote attackers to cause a denial of service (application crash) via long strings in the (1) author, (2) title, (3) subject, and (4) comment Properties fields of a file, possibly involving improper handling of extended file attributes by the (a) NtQueryInformationFile, (b) NtQueryDirectoryFile, (c) NtSetInformationFile, (d) FileAllInformation, (e) FileNameInformation, and other FILE_INFORMATION_CLASS functions in ntdll.dll and the (f) GetFileAttributesExW and (g) GetFileAttributesW functions in kernel32.dll, a related issue to CVE-2007-1347.
CWE-119 - Buffer Overflow
Buffer overflow attacks involve data transit and operations exceeding the restricted memory buffer, thereby corrupting or overwriting data in adjacent memory locations. Such overflow allows the attacker to run arbitrary code or manipulate the existing code to cause privilege escalation, data breach, denial of service, system crash and even complete system compromise. Given that languages such as C and C++ lack default safeguards against overwriting or accessing data in their memory, applications utilizing these languages are most susceptible to buffer overflows attacks.