The telnet service in Cisco Video Surveillance IP Gateway Encoder/Decoder (Standalone and Module) firmware 1.8.1 and earlier, Video Surveillance SP/ISP Decoder Software firmware 1.11.0 and earlier, and the Video Surveillance SP/ISP firmware 1.23.7 and earlier does not require authentication, which allows remote attackers to perform administrative actions, aka CSCsj31729.
CWE-287 - Improper Authentication
Improper (or broken) authentication attacks are widespread, and have accounted for many of the worst data breaches in recent years. Improper authentication attacks are a class of vulnerabilities where an attacker impersonates a legitimate user by exploiting weaknesses in either session management or credential management to gain access to the user’s account. This can result in disclosure of sensitive information, and can lead to system compromise, theft, identity theft, and fraud.