Improper Restriction of Operations within the Bounds of a Memory Buffer
Gesytec Easylon OPC Server before 2.3.44 does not properly validate server handles, which allows remote attackers to execute arbitrary code or cause a denial of service via unspecified network traffic to the OLE for Process Control (OPC) interface, probably related to free operations on arbitrary memory addresses through certain Remove functions, and read and write operations on arbitrary memory addresses through certain Set, Read, and Write functions.
CWE-119 - Buffer Overflow
Buffer overflow attacks involve data transit and operations exceeding the restricted memory buffer, thereby corrupting or overwriting data in adjacent memory locations. Such overflow allows the attacker to run arbitrary code or manipulate the existing code to cause privilege escalation, data breach, denial of service, system crash and even complete system compromise. Given that languages such as C and C++ lack default safeguards against overwriting or accessing data in their memory, applications utilizing these languages are most susceptible to buffer overflows attacks.