Improper Restriction of Operations within the Bounds of a Memory Buffer
Multiple buffer overflows in Xiph.Org libvorbis before 1.2.0 allow context-dependent attackers to cause a denial of service or have other unspecified impact via a crafted OGG file, aka trac Changesets 13162, 13168, 13169, 13170, 13172, 13211, and 13215, as demonstrated by an overflow in oggenc.exe related to the _psy_noiseguards_8 array.
CWE-119 - Buffer Overflow
Buffer overflow attacks involve data transit and operations exceeding the restricted memory buffer, thereby corrupting or overwriting data in adjacent memory locations. Such overflow allows the attacker to run arbitrary code or manipulate the existing code to cause privilege escalation, data breach, denial of service, system crash and even complete system compromise. Given that languages such as C and C++ lack default safeguards against overwriting or accessing data in their memory, applications utilizing these languages are most susceptible to buffer overflows attacks.