Improper Restriction of Operations within the Bounds of a Memory Buffer
** DISPUTED ** Guidance Software EnCase allows user-assisted attackers to trigger a buffer over-read and application crash via a malformed NTFS filesystem containing a modified FILE record with a certain large offset. NOTE: the vendor disputes the significance of this issue, asserting that relevant attackers typically do not corrupt a filesystem, and indicating that the relevant read operation can be disabled.
CWE-119 - Buffer Overflow
Buffer overflow attacks involve data transit and operations exceeding the restricted memory buffer, thereby corrupting or overwriting data in adjacent memory locations. Such overflow allows the attacker to run arbitrary code or manipulate the existing code to cause privilege escalation, data breach, denial of service, system crash and even complete system compromise. Given that languages such as C and C++ lack default safeguards against overwriting or accessing data in their memory, applications utilizing these languages are most susceptible to buffer overflows attacks.