Improper Restriction of Operations within the Bounds of a Memory Buffer
Multiple vulnerabilities in the layout engine for Mozilla Firefox 1.5.x before 22.214.171.124 and 2.x before 126.96.36.199, Thunderbird 1.5.x before 188.8.131.52 and 2.x before 184.108.40.206, and SeaMonkey 1.0.9 and 1.1.2 allow remote attackers to cause a denial of service (crash) via vectors related to dangling pointers, heap corruption, signed/unsigned, and other issues.
CWE-119 - Buffer Overflow
Buffer overflow attacks involve data transit and operations exceeding the restricted memory buffer, thereby corrupting or overwriting data in adjacent memory locations. Such overflow allows the attacker to run arbitrary code or manipulate the existing code to cause privilege escalation, data breach, denial of service, system crash and even complete system compromise. Given that languages such as C and C++ lack default safeguards against overwriting or accessing data in their memory, applications utilizing these languages are most susceptible to buffer overflows attacks.