Improper Restriction of Operations within the Bounds of a Memory Buffer
Integer overflow in the ISC dhcpd 3.0.x before 3.0.7 and 3.1.x before 3.1.1; and the DHCP server in EMC VMware Workstation before 5.5.5 Build 56455 and 6.x before 6.0.1 Build 55017, Player before 1.0.5 Build 56455 and Player 2 before 2.0.1 Build 55017, ACE before 1.0.3 Build 54075 and ACE 2 before 2.0.1 Build 55017, and Server before 1.0.4 Build 56528; allows remote attackers to cause a denial of service (daemon crash) or execute arbitrary code via a malformed DHCP packet with a large dhcp-max-message-size that triggers a stack-based buffer overflow, related to servers configured to send many DHCP options to clients.
CWE-119 - Buffer Overflow
Buffer overflow attacks involve data transit and operations exceeding the restricted memory buffer, thereby corrupting or overwriting data in adjacent memory locations. Such overflow allows the attacker to run arbitrary code or manipulate the existing code to cause privilege escalation, data breach, denial of service, system crash and even complete system compromise. Given that languages such as C and C++ lack default safeguards against overwriting or accessing data in their memory, applications utilizing these languages are most susceptible to buffer overflows attacks.