Improper Restriction of Operations within the Bounds of a Memory Buffer
Double free vulnerability in Microsoft Windows 2000, XP, 2003, and Vista allows local users to gain privileges by calling the MessageBox function with a MB_SERVICE_NOTIFICATION message with crafted data, which sends a HardError message to Client/Server Runtime Server Subsystem (CSRSS) process, which is not properly handled when invoking the UserHardError and GetHardErrorText functions in WINSRV.DLL.
CWE-119 - Buffer Overflow
Buffer overflow attacks involve data transit and operations exceeding the restricted memory buffer, thereby corrupting or overwriting data in adjacent memory locations. Such overflow allows the attacker to run arbitrary code or manipulate the existing code to cause privilege escalation, data breach, denial of service, system crash and even complete system compromise. Given that languages such as C and C++ lack default safeguards against overwriting or accessing data in their memory, applications utilizing these languages are most susceptible to buffer overflows attacks.