Improper Restriction of Operations within the Bounds of a Memory Buffer
Multiple stack-based buffer overflows in eIQnetworks Enterprise Security Analyzer (ESA) before 2.5.0, as used in products including (a) Sidewinder, (b) iPolicy Security Manager, (c) Astaro Report Manager, (d) Fortinet FortiReporter, (e) Top Layer Network Security Analyzer, and possibly other products, allow remote attackers to execute arbitrary code via long (1) DELTAINTERVAL, (2) LOGFOLDER, (3) DELETELOGS, (4) FWASERVER, (5) SYSLOGPUBLICIP, (6) GETFWAIMPORTLOG, (7) GETFWADELTA, (8) DELETERDEPDEVICE, (9) COMPRESSRAWLOGFILE, (10) GETSYSLOGFIREWALLS, (11) ADDPOLICY, and (12) EDITPOLICY commands to the Syslog daemon (syslogserver.exe); (13) GUIADDDEVICE, (14) ADDDEVICE, and (15) DELETEDEVICE commands to the Topology server (Topology.exe); the (15) LICMGR_ADDLICENSE command to the License Manager (EnterpriseSecurityAnalyzer.exe); the (16) TRACE and (17) QUERYMONITOR commands to the Monitoring agent (Monitoring.exe); and possibly other vectors related to the Syslog daemon (syslogserver.exe).
CWE-119 - Buffer Overflow
Buffer overflow attacks involve data transit and operations exceeding the restricted memory buffer, thereby corrupting or overwriting data in adjacent memory locations. Such overflow allows the attacker to run arbitrary code or manipulate the existing code to cause privilege escalation, data breach, denial of service, system crash and even complete system compromise. Given that languages such as C and C++ lack default safeguards against overwriting or accessing data in their memory, applications utilizing these languages are most susceptible to buffer overflows attacks.