Improper Restriction of Operations within the Bounds of a Memory Buffer
klif.sys in Kaspersky Internet Security 6.0 and 7.0, Kaspersky Anti-Virus (KAV) 6.0 and 7.0, KAV 6.0 for Windows Workstations, and KAV 6.0 for Windows Servers does not validate certain parameters to the (1) NtCreateKey, (2) NtCreateProcess, (3) NtCreateProcessEx, (4) NtCreateSection, (5) NtCreateSymbolicLinkObject, (6) NtCreateThread, (7) NtDeleteValueKey, (8) NtLoadKey2, (9) NtOpenKey, (10) NtOpenProcess, (11) NtOpenSection, and (12) NtQueryValueKey hooked system calls, which allows local users to cause a denial of service (reboot) via an invalid parameter, as demonstrated by the ClientId parameter to NtOpenProcess.
CWE-119 - Buffer Overflow
Buffer overflow attacks involve data transit and operations exceeding the restricted memory buffer, thereby corrupting or overwriting data in adjacent memory locations. Such overflow allows the attacker to run arbitrary code or manipulate the existing code to cause privilege escalation, data breach, denial of service, system crash and even complete system compromise. Given that languages such as C and C++ lack default safeguards against overwriting or accessing data in their memory, applications utilizing these languages are most susceptible to buffer overflows attacks.