Uncontrolled Resource Consumption
The TIFFToRGB function in libtiff before 3.8.1 allows remote attackers to cause a denial of service (crash) via a crafted TIFF image with Yr/Yg/Yb values that exceed the YCR/YCG/YCB values, which triggers an out-of-bounds read.
CWE-400 - Uncontrolled resource consumption
An uncontrolled resource allocation attack (also known as resource exhaustion attack) triggers unauthorized overconsumption of the limited resources in an application, such as memory, file system storage, database connection pool entries, and CPU. This may lead to denial of service for valid users and degradation of the application's functionality as well as that of the host operating system.