Improper Restriction of Operations within the Bounds of a Memory Buffer
Heap-based buffer overflow in the bitmap processing routine in Microsoft Windows Media Player 7.1 on Windows 2000 SP4, Media Player 9 on Windows 2000 SP4 and XP SP1, and Media Player 10 on XP SP1 and SP2 allows remote attackers to execute arbitrary code via a crafted bitmap (.BMP) file that specifies a size of 0 but contains additional data.
CWE-119 - Buffer Overflow
Buffer overflow attacks involve data transit and operations exceeding the restricted memory buffer, thereby corrupting or overwriting data in adjacent memory locations. Such overflow allows the attacker to run arbitrary code or manipulate the existing code to cause privilege escalation, data breach, denial of service, system crash and even complete system compromise. Given that languages such as C and C++ lack default safeguards against overwriting or accessing data in their memory, applications utilizing these languages are most susceptible to buffer overflows attacks.