Improper Restriction of Operations within the Bounds of a Memory Buffer
Microsoft Internet Explorer 5.01, 5.5, and 6 allows remote attackers to cause a denial of service (application crash) and possibly execute arbitrary code via a web page with embedded CLSIDs that reference certain COM objects that are not intended for use within Internet Explorer, as originally demonstrated using the (1) DDS Library Shape Control (Msdds.dll) COM object, and other objects including (2) Blnmgrps.dll, (3) Ciodm.dll, (4) Comsvcs.dll, (5) Danim.dll, (6) Htmlmarq.ocx, (7) Mdt2dd.dll (as demonstrated using a heap corruption attack with uninitialized memory), (8) Mdt2qd.dll, (9) Mpg4ds32.ax, (10) Msadds32.ax, (11) Msb1esen.dll, (12) Msb1fren.dll, (13) Msb1geen.dll, (14) Msdtctm.dll, (15) Mshtml.dll, (16) Msoeacct.dll, (17) Msosvfbr.dll, (18) Mswcrun.dll, (19) Netshell.dll, (20) Ole2disp.dll, (21) Outllib.dll, (22) Psisdecd.dll, (23) Qdvd.dll, (24) Repodbc.dll, (25) Shdocvw.dll, (26) Shell32.dll, (27) Soa.dll, (28) Srchui.dll, (29) Stobject.dll, (30) Vdt70.dll, (31) Vmhelper.dll, and (32) Wbemads.dll, aka a variant of the "COM Object Instantiation Memory Corruption vulnerability."
CWE-119 - Buffer Overflow
Buffer overflow attacks involve data transit and operations exceeding the restricted memory buffer, thereby corrupting or overwriting data in adjacent memory locations. Such overflow allows the attacker to run arbitrary code or manipulate the existing code to cause privilege escalation, data breach, denial of service, system crash and even complete system compromise. Given that languages such as C and C++ lack default safeguards against overwriting or accessing data in their memory, applications utilizing these languages are most susceptible to buffer overflows attacks.