Improper Restriction of Operations within the Bounds of a Memory Buffer
Multiple buffer overflows in gram.y for PostgreSQL 8.0.1 and earlier may allow attackers to execute arbitrary code via (1) a large number of variables in a SQL statement being handled by the read_sql_construct function, (2) a large number of INTO variables in a SELECT statement being handled by the make_select_stmt function, (3) a large number of arbitrary variables in a SELECT statement being handled by the make_select_stmt function, and (4) a large number of INTO variables in a FETCH statement being handled by the make_fetch_stmt function, a different set of vulnerabilities than CVE-2005-0245.
CWE-119 - Buffer Overflow
Buffer overflow attacks involve data transit and operations exceeding the restricted memory buffer, thereby corrupting or overwriting data in adjacent memory locations. Such overflow allows the attacker to run arbitrary code or manipulate the existing code to cause privilege escalation, data breach, denial of service, system crash and even complete system compromise. Given that languages such as C and C++ lack default safeguards against overwriting or accessing data in their memory, applications utilizing these languages are most susceptible to buffer overflows attacks.