Permissions, Privileges, and Access Controls
Ebuild in Gentoo may change directory and file permissions depending on the order of installed packages, which allows local users to read or write to restricted directories or execute restricted commands via navigating to the affected directories, or executing the affected commands.
CWE-264 - Permissions Privileges and Access Controls
CWE 264 (permissions, privileges, and access controls) is not a weakness in and of itself, rather it is a category of weaknesses related to the management of permissions, privileges, and other security features used to perform access control. If not addressed, the weaknesses in this category allow attackers to gain privileges for an unintended sphere of control, access sensitive information, and execute arbitrary commands.