Insertion of Sensitive Information into Log File
The log files in Apache web server contain information directly supplied by clients and does not filter or quote control characters, which could allow remote attackers to hide HTTP requests and spoof source IP addresses when logs are viewed with UNIX programs such as cat, tail, and grep.
CWE-532 - Insertion of Sensitive Information into Log File
It's quite common for applications to save logs. For example, whenever a user requests a resource from a particular website, the web server writes information about the request to a log file. These files are helpful for identifying abnormal system activity, bugs, and evaluating the security controls of the application. Security of log files is critical for the overall security of the application and its confidential resources. An application that lacks appropriate logging levels can expose sensitive user data and system information stored on the log files to malicious users. This info can be exploited to compromise your system.